Observations from many studies and literature data indicate new prevention possibilities of many health problems keeping a proper diet with the special supplementation with Omega 3,6,9 acids in the right proportion. Acid fats Omega 3 exhibit anti-inflammatory effect and it reduces the risk of development of chronic diseases such as: cardiovascular, cancer and joint. These acids, in high concentration, are inside the brain and there is a piece of evidence that they have an influence on cognitive and behavioral functions. Fatty acids Omega-6 support hair growth and skin cells. What is more, fatty acids regulate metabolism and play an important role in the proper functioning of reproductive system. It should be emphasized that Omega – 3 and Omega – 6 acids compete to the same enzymes. Some of the Omega – 6 acids increase inflammation, which is why it is recommended to keep the balance of Omega – 6 acids in the diet and Omega – 3 which relieves it. Omega 3,6,9 acids support circulatory system by keeping the proper level of cholesterol in blood.
Omega – 3 acids are essential unsaturated fatty acids. An organism is not able to synthesize them on its own and they must be absorbedwith the nourishment as its deficiency causes symptoms of illness. Omega – 6 acids are also in the group of essential unsaturated fatty acids. Linoleic and arachidonic are main acids which can be found in vegetable fats.
Source: Warowny M. Rola kwasów omega-3 w organizmie człowieka. Lek w Polsce
Supplementation with omega acids – people with various diseases
The increase of circulatory system diseases, obesity, diabetes, cancer and mental illnesses has been observed. That is why effective treatment and prevention against those illnesses with both medicines and supplements is currently sought. Polyunsaturated acid fats seem to be a promising therapy. They have a wide use in the disease prevention. Highly valuable supplements support classical medicinal therapies, having an influence on metabolic processes, especially on systems regulating biochemical changes in cells and tissues. Omega – 3 acids regulate serum cytokine levels, which when too high, cause chronic inflammation, autoimmune diseases, atherosclerosis or cancer. What is more, they have a positive influence on blood circulation, it improves blood supply to the brain and sending nerve signals. It reduces the risk of cardiac arrhythmia, it stabilizes the blood pressure, reinstates the balance of cholesterol. Acid fats Omega – 3 play the key role in keeping fit and mental acuity, that’s why it is important to medicate children with them. However,it is important to keep the correct ratios in everyday diet. Structure and the source of Omega – 3 acid fats together with therapeutic influence on different diseases were presented in the paper.
Source: Sicińska P., Pytel E., Kurowska J., Koter-Michalak M. Suplementacja kwasami omega w różnych chorobach. Postepy Hig Med Dosw (online), 2015; 69: 838-852
The functions of Omega – 3 acid fats in the human’s body
Many scientific publications prove that unsaturated fatty acids omega – 3 reduce inflammatory processes and the risk of circulatory system diseases, cancer, inflammatory joint diseases. Omega – 3 acids are mainly used in prevention of cardiovascular system diseases. It prevents from heart attack or stroke as they inhibit the development of atherosclerotic plaques. High concentration of omega – 3 acids can also be found in central nervous system, the proper functioning and development of the body depends on those fat acids. As the development of nervous system is extremely important at the fetal stage, fat acids omega – 3 supplementation is recommended for pregnant women, especially on the second and third trimester.
Source: Warowny M. Rola kwasów omega-3 w organizmie człowieka. Lek w Polsce, VOL 24 NR 06’14 (278)
The importance and role of fat acids Omega – 3
There is ample evidence that fatty acids ω-3 PUFA are proved to be beneficial and protective.
Many scientists have been recently interested in explaining the beneficial features of fat acids ω-3 PUFA in patients with cancer, and in the protection of immune system, which may support effective cancer and immune system treatment.
Source: Marciniak Łukasik K. Znaczenie i rola kwasów tłuszczowych omega 3. ŻYWNOŚĆ. Nauka. Technologia. Jakość, 2011, 6 (79), 24 – 35
Beneficial influence of fatty acids omega – 3 on child development.
A diet rich in unsaturated fat acids omega – 3 and fat acids supplementation are important factors supporting proper psychosomatic child’s growth. Several recommendations, confirmed by many tests on essential intakes of unsaturated fat acids, emphasize its consumption. Regular supplementation of fatty acids omega – 3 is the chance of healthy adult population.
Source: Pluta A., Budnik-Szymoniuk M. Korzystny wpływ kwasów omega-3 na rozwój dziecka. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2016;6(7):540-547. eISSN 2391-8306
The role of polyunsaturated fat acids in selected areas of psychological functioning.
We divide Long – chain polyunsaturated fatty acids into omega – 3 (n-3: ALA, EPA and DHA) and omega-6 (n-6: LA and AA). According to the latest research, in contemporary diet, one of these groups dominates over the other in the relation of 15-20 to 1 with a predominance of omega – 6. However, over consumption of n-6 acids can be harmful for human body in comparison to the supplementation with n-3 acids. The consumption of polyunsaturated omega – 3 acid fats has an important meaning for one’s health. On the biological level, it has an influence on proper brain processes and protection and production of new nerve cells (neurons). On the other hand, on the cognition level, supplementation with polyunsaturated acid fats n-3 can be connected with the quality of the ability to memorize, learning, intellectual efficiency, Alzheimer prevention, depressing disorder, dementia and others.
Source: Bojkowski Ł., Mojs E. Rola wielonienasyconych kwasów tłuszczowych w wybranych obszarach psychologicznego funkcjonowania człowieka. Polski Przegląd Nauk o Zdrowiu 1 (46) 2016
The importance of y-linolenic acid in the prevention and therapy
Y-linolenic acid is a natural ingredient of many vegetable oils, e.g. those obtained from evening primrose seeds and borage. Properties of this oil are the result of being a substrate for production of many biologically active eicosanoids which have anti – inflammatory effect, antiproliferative activity and potential capacity for reducing the concentration of lipids. Scientific research, conducted on animal models and humans, showed potential possibilities of this acid to support inflammatory and degenerative diseases therapy.
Source: Białek M., Rutkowska J. Znaczenie kwasu γ-linolenowego w profilaktyce i terapii. Post Hig Med Dosw (online), 2015; 69: 892-904
The role of gamma-Linolenic acid in maintaining proper skin’s structure and function.
Gamma-Linolenic acid given orally, is delivered to the dermis, strengthens its consistency and prevents from excessive skin dehydration, going to stratum corneum, filling space between cells, which helps to strengthen the skin’sprotective film preventing from passing bacteria, toxin, fungus and allergens from the outside.
Source: Mrozińska M. Rola kwasu gamma-linolenowego w utrzymaniu prawidłowej struktury i funkcji skóry. Czasopismo aptekarskie, 2008; 1, 169
The influence of polyunsaturated acid fats on skin
A diet rich in unsaturated fatty acid omega – 3 and omega – 6 together with the huge amount of antioxidants is necessary to stay healthy and beautiful. Dry skin is an incompatible part of aging process. The cosmetics ingredients and preparations containing vegetable oils (the source of LCP) and antioxidants, which can be found in many cosmetic and medicinal products deserve particular attention.
Source: Bojarowicz H, Woźniak B. Wielonienasycone kwasy tłuszczowe oraz ich wpływ na skórę. Probl Hig Epidemiol 2008, 89(4): 471-475